had 1,9 million inhabitants in 1911, 2,6 million in 1936, 6,3 million
in 1980, 8,9 million in 1995 and 11 million in 2015.
The population is spread all over the territory in a rather uneven way: the eastern and coastal strips are densely populated (with sometimes more than 100 inhabitants per sq. km) and stand in great contrast to the southern and Sahara areas where you will find no more than an average of 10 inhabitants per sq. km. In the inland regions you will find a population density that varies between 30 and 60 inhabitants per sq. km (except for the closely populated central Mejerda valley).
The concentration of people and economic activity in several cities along the coastline could provoke a rupture in the Tunisian landscape.
In the long run, these contrasts might result in a division of Tunisia in two clearly distinguished regions: one small but "useful" part and the other vast but deprived.
Tunisia has always opened its heart to the entire world. Over the centuries, Tunisians have always practised the virtues of genuine hospitality, tolerance, respect and solidarity.
Each celebration, be it religious, profane or amongst family members, is always generous, jovial and kind-hearted.