Tunisia is situated in the centre of the Mediterranean basin on the north-eastern tip of Africa between the latitudes of 30 and 37 degree north.On the northern shore is Cap Blanc, the northernmost point of the african continent.It has a 1,298 km Mediterranean shoreline(islands excluded) to the north and east and borders in the West and Libya and the Sahara desert in the south.It has a population of 8,7 million inhabitants and a surface area of 162,155 square kms.
Most of Tunisia is fairly low-lying .The highest point, Jebel Chaambi(in the West), is 1,544 meters high . Two-thirds of the country is made up on plains.
Three main regions can be made out as regards both relief and climate :the North, covering the richest and most populated part of Tunisia with its fertile sooil and heavy rainfall; Central Tunisia, a region of high and low steppes extends to the Sahal coast; and finally Southern Tunisia, bounded on the north by the Chotts.
Round the rare springs, the local population crowds into the oases or scatters through the country looking for pasturage.

Tunisia is in the south of the temperate zone and comes under Mideterranean influences; it has a usually mild and clement climate.the average temperature is11,4 deg. , in December and 29,3 deg. in July.
Rainfall is irregular and varies according to season and region(75% of total annual rainfall comes in the cold season).The average rainfall in Ain Draham, in the far north, is over 1,500 mm a year whereas in the far south it is less than 150 mm per year.It rarely snows, except on certain mountain peaks